Jalal Jabat Uddin, 23, sits with his unit comrades an hour after his best friend and fellow Peshmerga solider, Bemal, 22, was killed by sniper fire during a six hour operation to retake a village from ISIS, north of Mosul. Peshmerga forces have hugely outnumbered ISIS in recent offensives, but fatalities have remained high and struck at the heart of the force. From suicide bombings to booby traps, snipers to posing as refugees, IS has employed tactics for the sole purpose of maximising the body count.
Anah, 8, is the last surviving sibling of five. Her three brothers and younger sister were killed in fighting earlier this year as ISIS tightened its grip on their village near Qayarra during Peshmerga and Iraqi offensives. She now lives with her mother and aunts in Debaga camp.
“I’ve always been more interested in the effects of war than the spectacle of it,” photojournalist Souvid Datta explains.